Elsinochrome A is a red photosensitive pigment produced by Aspergillus sp. and other fungi, including the bindweed biocontrol fungus Stagonospora convolvuli LA39 an important virulence factor for peanut scab. Elsinochrome A is effective against pine wood nematodes at 15 µg/mL, with effectiveness enhanced by infrared irradiation. Photoactivated elsinochrome A induces apoptosis in human colorectal carcinoma Hce-8693 at 10-5 – 10-6 M.
- Elsinochrome A production by the bindweed biocontrol fungus Stagonospora convolvuli LA39 does not pose a risk to the environment or the consumer of treated crops. Boss D. et al. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2007, 59, 194.
- Elsinochrome phytotoxin production and pathogenicity of Elsinoë arachidis isolates in China. Jiao W-L. et al. PLoS One 2019, 14:e0218391.
- Nematicidal activity of perylenequinones photosensitive compounds. Dong J. et al. Junwu Xitong 2001, 20, 515.
- DNA binding and photo-induced DNA cleavage activity of Elsinochrome A in visible light. Ma F. et al. Spectroscopy 2011, 26, 289.