Spiculisporic acid is a surfactant isolated from Penicillium minioluteum and Penicillium spiculisporum by Raistrick and Birkinshaw in the early 1930s. Spiculisporic acid is used as a biosurfactant for metal decontamination processes and fine polymer production. Spiculisporic acid removed 58% of cadmium and 89% of lead from model polluted water at pH 7.0 and 4.6, respectively.
- Studies in the biochemistry of micro-organisms: The metabolic products of Penicillium minio-luteum Dierckx. Minioluteic acid. Birkinshaw J.H. & Raistrick H. Biochem J. 1934, 228, 828-836.
- Surface active properties of biosoap from spiculisporic acid. Ishigami Y. et al. J Colloid Interface Sci. 1983, 94, 131.
- Removal of cadmium or lead from polluted water by biological amphiphiles. Pekdemir T. et al. J. Surfactants Detergents 2000, 3, 43.