Antimycin A1 is the most hydrophobic of the four analogues of the antimycin A complex. Like all antimycins, antimycin A1 exhibits potent antifungal, anthelmintic, insecticidal, antiviral and antitumor activity across a range of bioassays. Although broadly active as respiration inhibitors, more recent investigation has highlighted the importance of individual members of the complex as bioprobes. Antimycin A1 inhibits angiogenesis via a decrease in VEGF production caused by inhibition of HIF-1a activation.
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- Inhibition of angiogenesis and HIF-1a activity by antimycin A1. Maeda M. et al., Biol. Pharm. Bull. 2006, 29, 1344.