Bacitracin complex

Bacitracin complex

$56.00 - 25 mg

$196.00 - 100 mg

All prices in Australian dollars

Code
BIA-B1785
Synonyms
Bacilliquin
CAS #
85800-09-5
Molecular Formula
C66H101CuN17O16S
Molecular Weight
1422.69 for Bacitracin A
Purity
>95% by HPLC
Long Term Storage
-20°C
Solubility
Soluble in ethanol, methanol, DMF or DMSO.
Clear

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Application Notes

Bacitracin is a complex of cyclic peptides isolated from Bacillus licheniformis, first published in 1945 as active against Gram-positive bacteria, including β-haemolytic streptococci, gonococci and meningococci. The structure of the bacitracins was finally elucidated in 1995. Bacitracin forms a complex with C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate and a metal ion to inhibit dephosphorylation and transport of polysaccharides, peptidoglycans and lipopolysaccharides to the growing cell wall. Bacitracin is used clinically as a topical treatment for skin infections.

References

  • Bacitracin: A new antibiotic produced by a member of the B. Subtilis group. Johnson B.A. et al., Science 1945, 102, 376.
  • Mechanism of action of bacitracin: Complexation with metal ion and C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate (molecular model/chelating agents/ternary complex/cell wall synthesis/peptidoglycan). Stone K.J. & Strominger J.L., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 1971, 68, 3223.
  • Total structures and antimicrobial activity of bacitracin minor components. Ikai Y. et al., J. Antibiot. 1995, 48, 233.

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